terça-feira, 25 de novembro de 2014

Farm animals

Cooking Verbs

Prepositions of Time

Anyone - No one - None - One

Download high resolution poster here
Anyone vs Any One (“any at all”)
“Anyone” is a pronoun that means “any person.” It is always used for people and never for inanimate objects.
“Anyone can do this.”
“I’m throwing a party and anyone can come.”
“Any one” is a pairing of two adjectives and can refer to things as well as people. “One” is a determiner that points to a singular item or unit and is often followed by “of.”
“Bubba loves all ice cream, not any one flavor.”
“Mole rats are ugly, hairless, and they bite; any one of these aspects would keep me from picking one up.”
When a dramatic emphasis is needed in relation to people or things, “any one” is especially handy. “I couldn’t bear to lose any one of you” means the same as “I couldn’t bear to lose any of you,” but the first sentence adds drama and further emphasizes each person. The word “single” could be added for even more emphasis: “I couldn’t bear to lose any single one of you.” For things, it is used in the same way: “If any one of those tiles is removed, the entire pile will fall.”
Another use is in the phrase “at any one time,” which adds clarity and emphasis.
“The library only allows three reference books off the shelf at any one time.” (clarity)
“At any one time, there were a minimum of sixteen birds at our feeder.” (emphasis; lots of birds)
“We have not gone out for lunch at any one time and not had pizza.” (emphasis; sick of pizza)

None vs No One (“not any”)
“None” must point to a noun or nouns in the sentence and can refer to inanimate objects. Since it is a descendant of “no one,” some argue that “none” can only be singular, but it is accepted either way and more often heard in the plural. In fact, the singular can seem awkward in certain cases.
Incorrect: “None were there when she returned to the classroom.”
Correct: “None of the students were there when she returned to the classroom.”
Incorrect: “I have eaten none.”
Correct: “I have eaten none of the pickles.”
Singular/Plural: “None of us is staying,” “None of us are staying.”
“No one” is the same as “nobody.” When used in this way, it can never refer to inanimate objects. It is used just as it is and requires no helping words, and it does not need to point to a noun.
“No one was there when she returned to the classroom.”
“Quit complaining; no one touched your pickles!”
“No one is staying.”
“No one” can also indicate a lack of emphasis on any specific item or person in a group.
“Fifteen people were on the deck when it collapsed; no one person caused it.”
“He searched, but no one rope was longer than the others.”
“My cake will be shared equally by all. No one of you will have more than another.”
Sound-alike words are notorious for giving people headaches. Can you list any others?
- See more at: http://www.grammar.net/tag/infographic#sthash.vWAotPjk.dpuf


conditional clauses_small-01
Download the high resolution poster here
Looking at the words themselves will help to keep this subject painless. A clause is simply a chunk of a sentence that has its own subject and verb and can stand alone as a complete sentence. The following sentence will become a clause when combined with another clause; this will be the “main clause.”
“We are going to the zoo.”
Conditional Clause
“Conditional” indicates an “if” or a circumstance that needs to be met. Conditional clauses are often called “if clauses.” With the “if,” the following examples are not proper sentences and are waiting to be added to a main clause.
“If it is not raining”
“If we leave soon”
“If I had looked behind me”
Conditional Sentence
Before we go to the zoo, we need to make sure the weather is cooperating, otherwise we will not go. The main clause relies on the conditional clause that was just tucked onto the front of the sentence.
“If it is not raining, we are going to the zoo.”
We will continue with the “if clause” at the front of each sentence, just for simplicity, but they can change places: “We are going to the zoo if it is not raining.”
First, Second, Third Conditional
There are three types of conditional clauses. First conditional is likely to happen and is in future tense. Second conditional is unlikely or nearly impossible and in future tense. Third conditional is impossible because it is in past tense.
“If it stops raining, we can go to the zoo.”
“If I had some money, we would go to the zoo.”
“If it had not rained all day, we would have gone to the zoo.”
The first has a pretty good chance; that rain is likely to stop at some point.
The second is unlikely because the conditions are remote, but there is still a slim chance; the speaker is broke, but perhaps he will find some money hidden away in his sock drawer or in his winter coat. Second conditional is also useful when writing about dreams or a situation nearly impossible to fulfill, such as winning the lottery or becoming a famous musician.
The third is in the past and now impossible; you cannot change yesterday.
Modal Verbs in Conditional Sentences
Those strange little modal verbs are useful in conditional sentences. Should you need a refresher, examples of modals are may, will, can, might, could, must, would, should and shall. They can be found on both sides of the comma, in both the result and the condition, and they are used in both real and unreal scenarios.
First conditional (possible): “If he can help you, he will do a great job.”
Second conditional (not likely): “If I should have to swim the Atlantic, I will probably drown.”
Third conditional (impossible): “If the chickens would have stayed awake, they would have heard the fox.”
Some modals can be ornery. Are there any modal verbs that seem like they may not work in all three types of conditional clauses?
- See more at: http://www.grammar.net/tag/infographic#sthash.vWAotPjk.dpuf

Kitchen Verbs

Phrasal Verb - To Get

quarta-feira, 12 de novembro de 2014

Infografico - 10 homoninos que se confundem

English is riddled with words that sound similar but have completely different meanings, and some words that sound similar have very different spellings. The infographic and 10 examples of homonyms and homophones will straighten some of this confusion out.
What are Homonyms?
Words that sound similar and have different spellings and different meanings are generically referred to as homonyms. The terms “homophones and homonyms” are as confusing as the words they describe. By the strictest definition, homophones and homonyms both sound alike, but homophones are unique in that they are spelled differently.
Steel and Steal
A metal refined from iron: “The building had steel beams at its center.”
To take something belonging to another: “Don’t steal, or you will go to jail.”
Bow and Bow
A decoration for the hair: “Her hair was tied in a green bow.”
To bend down out of respect: “When the queen walks past, men bow to her.”
Aloud and Allowed
Out loud, as opposed to mentally: “Please read the next chapter aloud, Sarah.”
Permitted: “Cheeseburgers are not allowed on my diet, but I eat them anyway.”
Club and Club and Club
A solid object used as a tool or weapon: “I used my purse as a club and pounded the mugger’s head.”
A group sharing a similar interest or aim: “Bill joined the model train club.”
A commercial establishment for drinking and dancing: “Come to the club with me on Friday.”
Right and Write and Rite
Opposite direction of left: “The store will be on your right after the first stop sign.”
To place characters, words or symbols on a solid surface: “Write your name at the top of the test.”
A formal ceremony or ritual: “Many churches practice the rite of baptism.”
Sea and See
A large body of water: “The crab fisherman spent a month at sea.”
To view with the eyes: “He climbed the largest tree to see if he was near the forest’s edge.”
Fine and Fine and Fine
A monetary penalty: “The library gave Bubba a fine when he brought his book back late.”
Thin: “The necklace was made of fine strands of woven gold.”
Alright or okay: “She asked how I was, and I said I was fine.”
Doe and Dough and Dough
A female deer: “A bucks has antlers; a doe does not.”
Flour-based mixture used to make baked products: “Roll the dough out on a floured surface.”
(Slang) money: “I have a lot of time but little dough.”
Die and Dye
To depart this world: “As sad as it is, all pets eventually die.”
A substance used to change an item’s color: “Veronica bought purple dye for her hair.”
Rock and Rock and Rock
A type of music: “Listening to rock will rot your brain, Mom always said.”
Gentle swaying motion: “Betty rocked her baby to coax him to sleep.”
A stone: “Billy Joe crammed a rock under the tire so his truck wouldn’t roll.”
It is more difficult to find words that are both spelled the same and pronounced the same, but there are plenty more than the examples in these lists. Can you think of any homonyms to add?
- See more at: http://www.grammar.net/homonyms2#sthash.6cpopV7U.dpuf